Other lung conditions

Here you can find links to useful information and resources for other lung conditions, including asbestos-related diseases, BOOP, LAM, pneumothorax and more.

Please note the BLF is not responsible for the accuracy or quality of the information found on the websites listed below.

Don’t forget – our Helpline team are qualified to answer your questions about all types of lung conditions. If you can’t find the information you’re looking for, give us a call on 03000 030 555, Monday to Friday, 9am - 5pm.

Asbestos-related lung conditions

Many lung conditions can be caused by exposure to asbestos, including mesothelioma, asbestosis, lung cancer and pleural plaques.

Useful links

Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

ARDS’, or ‘shock-lung’, is a life-threatening condition which can be triggered by an infection such as pneumonia. It is characterised by widespread inflammation in the lungs.

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Aspergillus is a species of fungus (mould). Airborne spores can be breathed into the lungs and can cause a wide range of diseases in people with asthma, chronic lung conditions and poor immune systems. It is not contagious.

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BOOP, sometimes called COP, stands for bronchiolitis obliterans organising pneumonia. BOOP is a swelling of the small airways in the lung, with symptoms that can closely mimic a pneumonia infection.

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Legionnaire’s disease

Legionnaires' disease is caused by a bacterium called Legionella. This infection is caught by inhaling tiny droplets of contaminated water. It is rare and not contagious.

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Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis, or LAM as it is usually called, is a rare lung condition that affects a certain type of muscle cell and only occurs in women. The cause of LAM is currently unknown.

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Pneumothorax, sometimes called a “collapsed lung”, happens when there is a tear in the lung and air escapes into the chest cavity. It can be caused by an injury or happen spontaneously without warning.

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Pseudomonas is a common bacteria that can infect the lungs. Infections from this bacteria are more often associated with long term, chronic lung conditions such as bronchiectasis and cystic fibrosis. It is not contagious.

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Need some help?

The specialist nurses and advisers on our helpline are dedicated to answering your questions.

Whether it’s about finding suppliers of equipment, coping with symptoms or if you just need a chat, they are here for you. Ringing the helpline never costs more than a local call and is usually free, even from a mobile.

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Last medically reviewed: September 2014. Due for review: September 2016.

To order a printed copy of this information, please call our helpline on 03000 030 555 or visit our online shop. For the latest references please email publications@blf.org.uk.