Children’s interstitial lung disease (chILD)

Causes of chILD

Different types of chILD have different causes.

In over 70% of ILDs in children, the underlying cause can be found.

Some causes of chILD are:

  • an infection caused by a virus, bacteria, fungus or a parasite
  • exposure to toxic gases such as smoke, fumes or radiation
  • gene mutations affecting the production of surfactant
  • lung injury such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  • a problem with the way your child’s tiny blood vessels, called capillaries, have developed
  • conditions that cause inflammation such as some forms of arthritis

Is there any way to prevent it?

It’s not possible to prevent chILD. But there’s lots you can do to reduce the risks to your child’s lungs. Take a look at our information about risks to your child's lungs.

Last medically reviewed: September 2016. Due for review: September 2019

This information uses the best available medical evidence and was produced with the support of people living with lung conditions. Find out how we produce our information. If you’d like to see our references get in touch.