Children’s interstitial lung disease (chILD)

What is chILD?

Children’s interstitial lung disease (chILD) is a group of rare lung conditions found in infants, children and teenagers. They are grouped together because they share some common features.

chILD affects the interstitium. This is a network of tissue that supports the air sacs in your child’s lungs.

Inflammation or scar tissue builds up in this tissue. This makes it harder for the lungs to inflate and for oxygen to get into the blood through the lungs.

There are more than 200 types of chILD. You can read more about specific conditions on the chILD Lung Foundation website. chILD conditions are long-term, but treatment can sometimes help prevent more damage and infections and reduce your child’s symptoms.

Adults can also get interstitial lung disease (ILD) but adult ILDs are very different to chILDs.

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Last medically reviewed: September 2016. Due for review: September 2019

This information uses the best available medical evidence and was produced with the support of people living with lung conditions. Find out how we produce our information. If you’d like to see our references get in touch.